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Introduction to Subway Ridership

Subway
Introduction
At a Glance
Ridership by Subway Station
The Ten Busiest Subway Stations 2017

Bus
Introduction
At a Glance
Ridership by Bus Route
The Ten Busiest Local Bus Routes 2017

 

Introduction to Subway Ridership

Subway ridership consists of all passengers (other than NYC Transit employees) who enter the subway system, including passengers who transfer from buses.  Ridership does not include passengers who exit the subway or passengers who transfer from other subway lines, with the exception of out-of-system transfers; e.g., between the Lexington Av/63 St F subway station and the Lexington Avenue N subwayQ subwayR subway/59 St 4 subway5 subway6 subway station, where customers use their MetroCard to make the transfer.

Average weekday, Saturday, and Sunday ridership includes every weekday, Saturday, and Sunday in the year, except major holidays and days when the subway system was closed or operated fare-free (Monday, October 29 through Friday, November 2, 2012 due to Superstorm Sandy). Average weekend ridership is the two-day sum of average Saturday plus average Sunday ridership. Ridership on major holidays (New Year’s Day, Presidents Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas) is included only in the annual total.

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Subway Ridership at a Glance

Year Average Weekday Average Saturday Average Sunday Average Weekend Annual Total
           

2012

5,380,184

3,172,627

2,490,736

5,663,363

1,654,582,265

2013

5,465,034

3,243,495

2,563,022

5,806,517

1,707,555,714

2014

5,597,551

3,323,110

2,662,795

5,985,905

1,751,287,621

2015

5,650,610

3,309,731

2,663,418

5,943,149

1,762,565,419

2016

5,655,755

3,202,388

2,555,814

5,758,201

1,756,814,800

2017

5,580,845

3,156,673

2,525,481

5,682,154

1,727,366,607

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Ridership by Subway Station

The New York City subway system has 472 stations including the newly opened 72 St, 86 St, and 96 St Second Avenue Subway stations – the largest number of public transit subway stations of any system in the world.  However, the table of ridership by station linked below lists 425 stations, with stations connected by transfer passageways combined into station complexes, since ridership cannot be accurately allocated to each station in the complex.  For example, the 14 St A subwayC subwayE subway station is combined with the 8 Av L subway station. The station names and lines stopping at each station reflect service at the end of 2017, including the 34 St-Hudson Yards station, which opened on September 13, 2015 and the three new Second Avenue subway stations that opened on January 1, 2017.

In the following tables, stations are listed alphabetically by borough, and the rankings are by 2016 ridership.  The rankings end at 424 rather than 425 stations, since the Cortlandt St 1 subway, station was closed for the entire year. The “systemwide adjustment” accounts for miscellaneous ridership and other adjustments that are not allocated by station.

Please click below for the complete tables of subway station ridership.  In these tables, stations that were temporarily closed (either fully or partially) are highlighted in blue; click on the station name for the closure dates.  For these stations, zero ridership was included in the averages for any days when the station was closed, except for the days when the entire subway was closed or fare-free.

Average Weekday Ridership
Average Weekend (Saturday + Sunday) Ridership
Annual Ridership

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Introduction to Bus Ridership

Bus ridership includes all passengers who board buses using a valid MetroCard, cash, transfer, Select Bus Service ticket, or pass.  Ridership does not include employees, non-revenue passengers (e.g., children under 44” tall traveling with an adult), and B42 riders boarding inside the paid zone of the Rockaway Parkway L subway subway station.  

Average weekday, Saturday, and Sunday ridership includes every weekday, Saturday, and Sunday in the year, except major holidays and days when the bus system was closed or operated fare-free (Monday, October 29 through Friday, November 2, 2012 due to Superstorm Sandy). Average weekend ridership is the two-day sum of average Saturday plus average Sunday ridership. Ridership on major holidays (New Year’s Day, Presidents Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas) is included only in the annual total.

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MTA New York City Transit Bus Ridership at a Glance

Year Average Weekday Average Saturday Average Sunday Average Weekend Annual Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

2012

2,169,311

1,309,666

998,863

2,308,529

667,910,621

2013

2,166,376

1,314,515

1,007,340

2,321,854

677,569,432

2014

2,123,092

1,305,437

1,024,279

2,329,716

667,051,170

2015

2,070,386

1,278,031

995,788

2,273,819

650,681,784

2016

2,038,119

1,221,299

957,427

2,178,725

638,413,113

2017

1,923,993

1,168,978

923,694

2,092,672

602,620,356

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MTA Bus Company Ridership at a Glance

Year Average Weekday Average Saturday Average Sunday Average Weekend Annual Total
           

2012

400,786

218,658

161,873

380,531

120,877,799

2013

407,217

224,199

168,092

392,291

124,951,185

2014

407,115

228,304

175,552

403,826

125,581,237

2015

405,978

228,976

176,503

405,478

125,399,522

2016

407,201

225,844

174,057

399,902

125,617,157

2017

396,227

222,830

173,565

396,395

122,213,569

 

Ridership by Bus Route

At the end of 2017, the MTA Bus and New York City Transit bus system had 235 local, 17 Select Bus Service and 74 express routes. Local routes begin with one or two letters corresponding to the major borough of operation (B=Brooklyn, Bx=Bronx, M=Manhattan, Q=Queens, S=Staten Island) and express routes begin with the letter “X.”  In the ridership averages, zero was included for any day during the year on which a given route did not operate, except for the days when the entire bus system was closed or fare-free. In the following tables, certain routes that effectively operate as a single route are combined. For example:

  • The S48 and S98 both run along Forest Avenue in Staten Island. The S48 makes all local stops, and the S98 makes limited stops.
  • The X12 and X42 both run between Mariners Harbor in Staten Island and midtown Manhattan; the X12 travels via lower Manhattan, and the X42 bypasses lower Manhattan.
  • The Bx40 and Bx42 both run along Tremont Avenue in the Bronx; the Bx40 eastern terminal is at Fort Schuyler, and the Bx42 eastern terminal is on Harding Avenue.

The “systemwide adjustment” accounts for miscellaneous ridership not allocated by route and should be added to the route totals to match the official systemwide ridership shown in the “at a glance” table above.

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