Introduction to Subway Ridership
Subway ridership consists of all passengers (other than NYC Transit employees) who enter the subway system, including passengers who transfer from buses. Ridership does not include passengers who exit the subway or passengers who transfer from other subway lines, with the exception of out-of-system transfers; e.g., between the Lexington Av/63 St station and the Lexington Avenue /59 St station, where customers use their MetroCard to make the transfer.
Average weekday, Saturday, and Sunday ridership includes every weekday, Saturday, and Sunday in the year, except major holidays and days when the subway system was closed or operated fare-free (Saturday, August 27 and Sunday, August 28, 2011 due to Hurricane Irene, and Monday, October 29 through Friday, November 2, 2012 due to Superstorm Sandy). Average weekend ridership is the two-day sum of average Saturday plus average Sunday ridership. Ridership on major holidays (New Year’s Day, Presidents Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas) is included only in the annual total.
The New York City subway system has 472 stations including the newly opened 72 St, 86 St, and 96 St Second Avenue Subway stations – the largest number of public transit subway stations of any system in the world. However, the table of ridership by station linked below lists 422 stations, with stations connected by transfer passageways combined into station complexes, since ridership cannot be accurately allocated to each station in the complex. For example, the 14 St station is combined with the 8 Av station. The station names and lines stopping at each station reflect service at the end of 2016, including the 34 St-Hudson Yards station, which opened on September 13, 2015. The three new Second Avenue subway stations are not included in the ridership tables since they opened on January 1, 2017.In the following tables, stations are listed alphabetically by borough, and the rankings are by 2016 ridership. The rankings end at 421 rather than 422 stations, since the Cortlandt St , station was closed for the entire year. The “systemwide adjustment” accounts for miscellaneous ridership and other adjustments that are not allocated by station.
Please click below for the complete tables of subway station ridership. In these tables, stations that were temporarily closed (either fully or partially) are highlighted in blue; click on the station name for the closure dates. For these stations, zero ridership was included in the averages for any days when the station was closed, except for the days when the entire subway was closed or fare-free.
Bus ridership includes all passengers who board buses using a valid MetroCard, cash, transfer, Select Bus Service ticket, or pass. Ridership does not include employees, non-revenue passengers (e.g., children under 44” tall traveling with an adult), and B42 riders boarding inside the paid zone of the Rockaway Parkway subway station.
MTA Bus Company Ridership at a Glance
At the end of 2016, the MTA Bus and New York City Transit bus system had 238 local, 13 Select Bus Service and 74 express routes. Local routes begin with one or two letters corresponding to the major borough of operation (B=Brooklyn, Bx=Bronx, M=Manhattan, Q=Queens, S=Staten Island) and express routes begin with the letter “X.” In the ridership averages, zero was included for any day during the year on which a given route did not operate, except for the days when the entire bus system was closed or fare-free. In the following tables, certain routes that effectively operate as a single route are combined. For example:
The “systemwide adjustment” accounts for miscellaneous ridership not allocated by route and should be added to the route totals to match the official systemwide ridership shown in the “at a glance” table above.
MTA New York City Transit
MTA Bus Company
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