R143 subway cars have a computerized feature to
regulate train speed, which allows trains to run
Serves: Manhattan, Queens, Brooklyn, the Bronx, and Staten Island through MTA Staten Island Railway (SIR). Lettered routes include
Lettered routes include
The 22 interconnected subway routes feature across-the-platform transfers between express and local service at many stations. There are also three permanent shuttle services: Franklin Avenue, Rockaway Park and 42 Street.
Across-the-platform transfers and connections
During off-peak hours, when the subway is less crowded, conductors can hold trains that enter the same station at the same time, and passengers can transfer across the platform. Subway personnel can do this as long as both trains are on schedule and waiting will not disrupt either train's schedule.
Number of subway cars: 6,418
With no change of trains: the train from 207th Street in Manhattan to Far Rockaway in Queens (more than 31 miles).
With a transfer: the train from 241st Street in the Bronx, with a transfer to the Far Rockaway-bound Train (more than 38 miles).
Between stations: the train between the Howard Beach/JFK Airport and Broad Channel stations in Queens (3.5 miles).
The train (shown in Utica Avenue Station, Brooklyn)
can take you more than 31 miles for only one fare.
From the original 28 stations built in Manhattan and opened on October 27, 1904, the subway system has grown to 472 stations, most of which were built by 1940. Their design represents three distinct styles since two private companies – the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) and the Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT) – and the city-owned Independent Rapid Transit Railroad (IND), built them. The more ornate IRT and BMT stations were largely open by 1928, while the newer IND, which mostly opened between 1932 and 1948, used a more streamlined, Machine-Age design. The primary difference among the three types of stations is platform lengths. IRT stations have platforms that are generally 525 feet long; most BMT platforms are around 615 feet long, and some IND platforms are 660 feet.
Over the past 30 years, NYC Transit has rehabilitated or upgraded almost half the stations in the system, making sure to rebuild the distinctive tile mosaics of the stations. More recently, NYC Transit has also begun inventorying and replacing failing or outdated individual components of stations. In addition, MTA Arts for Transit has commissioned and installed artwork in dozens of stations since 1985.
DID YOU KNOW? The only time that the subway system carried more passengers than it did in 2015 was during an almost unbroken period from 1926 through 1948. The all-time ridership record was 2.067 billion passengers in 1946.
Types of stations: Underground (about 60 percent); elevated, embankment, and open-cut. *
Highest station above ground: Smith-9 Sts in Brooklyn, 88 feet above street level.
Deepest station: 191 St in Manhattan, 180 feet below street level.
* An open-cut station is built below street level, in a trench-like depression, or "cut." Unlike a station built in a tunnel, most "open-cut" stations are exposed to the outdoors.
Example: Cortelyou Road station in Brooklyn.