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Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS)

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Table of Contents


VOLUME I

Abstract

Signature Page

Foreword

Executive Summary

1: Project Purpose and Need

2: Project Alternatives

3: Description of Construction Methods and Activities

4: Public Outreach and Review Process

5: Transportation

5A: Transportation Ridership Modeling

5B: Transportation Subway and Commuter Rail

5C: Transportation Surface Transit

5D: Transportation Vehicular Traffic

5E: Transportation Parking

5F: Transportation Pedestrians

6: Social and Economic Conditions

7: Public Open Space

8: Displacement and Relocation

9: Historic Resources

10: Archaeological Resources

11: Air Quality

12: Noise and Vibration

13: Infrastructure and Energy

14: Contaminated Materials

15: Natural Resources

16: Coastal Zone Consistency

17: Safety

18: Environmental Justice

19: Indirect and Cumulative Effects

20: Commitment of Resources

21: List of Preparers

22: List of Agencies and Organizations

23: Response to Comments on the SDEIS

Programmatic Agreement

Exhibit A

Exhibit B

Exhibit C

Exhibit D

Exhibit E

Exhibit F

Exhibit G

Exhibit H

Exhibit I

Exhibit J

Exhibit K

Exhibit L

Exhibit M

Final Section 4(f) Evaluation and Section 6(f) Evaluation

Glossary

Index


List of Figures

Executive Summary

S-1 New York City Subway Service with Second Avenue Subway Line

S-2 Project Area

S-3 Proposed Second Avenue Subway Line, Tunnel, and Station Elements

S-4 Proposed Phase 1

S-5 Proposed Phase 2

S-6 Proposed Phase 3

S-7 Proposed Phase 4

S-8 Construction Techniques

Project Purpose and Need

1-1 Project Area

1-2 Daily Trips to Manhattan South of 60th Street

Project Alternatives

2-1 New York City Subway Service with Second Avenue Subway Line

2-2 Proposed Second Avenue Subway Line, Tunnel, and Station Elements

2-3 Illustration of 125th Street Curve at Second Avenue

2-4 Track Diagram, North of 57th Street

2-5 Track Diagram, South of 57th Street

2-6 Deep Chrystie Option

2-7 Conceptual Drawing of the 125th Street Station

2-8 Conceptual Station Designs

2-9 Station Entrance Options

2-10 Existing Ancillary Facility

2-11 Conceptual Ancillary Facility

2-12 Context Map: Train Storage and Maintenance

2-13 Proposed Storage Tracks at 125th Street and 129th Streets

2-14 Proposed Storage Tracks at 21st to 9th Streets

2-15 36th-38th Street Yard (Possible Storage Tracks Created in Existing Yard)

2-16 Proposed Storage Tracks South of Hanover Square Station

2-17 Concourse Yard (Possible Location for Expansion to Maintenance Facilities)

2-18 207th Street Yard (Possible Location for Expansion to Maintenance Facilities)

Description of Construction Methods and Activities

3-1 Example of Underground Construction Activities Performed in Tunnel

3-2 Conceptual Drawing of a Tunnel Boring Machine

3-3 Conceptual Drawing of a Tunnel Boring Process

3-4 Section of a Typical Tunnel

3-5 Photos Illustrating Construction Methods

3-6 Conceptual Drawing of Conventional Mining

3-7 Conceptual Cut-and-Cover Station Construction, Section View

3-8 Cut-and-Cover ConstructionConceptual Drawing and Photograph

3-9 Photographs Illustrating Utility Relocations and Steel Sheeting and Bracing

3-10 Historical Image of Possible Subsurface Obstructions South of Houston Street

3-11 Example of Building Underpinning

3-12 Typical Barge Site

3-13 Potential Shaft Sites, Spoils Removal Areas, and Staging Areas Near Second Avenue, North of 125th Street, Near 96th Street, and at 66th Street

3-14 Potential TBM Shaft Site and Staging Areas Near 34th Street, Near Houston Street,and in Lower Manhattan

3-15 Proposed Phase 1

3-16 Proposed Phase 2

3-17 Proposed Phase 3

3-18 Proposed Phase 4

3-19 Construction Techniques

Public Outreach And Review Process

4-1 Community Boards Along Second Avenue Subway Alignment

Transportation

5D-1 Areas of Severe Vehicular Congestion

5D-2 Roadway Configuration Options During the Decking Installation Construction Phase

5D-3 Roadway Configuration Options During the Tunnel Construction Phase

Social and Economic Conditions

6-1 Second Avenue Subway Study Area

6-2 East Harlem Neighborhood Zone Land Use

6-3 Community Facilities Within One Block of the Project Alignment,East Harlem Neighborhood Zone

6-4 Upper East Side Neighborhood Zone Land Use

6-5 Community Facilities Within One Block of the Project Alignment,

Upper East Side Neighborhood Zone

6-6 East Midtown Neighborhood Zone Land Use

6-7 Community Facilities Within One Block of the Project Alignment, East Midtown Neighborhood Zone

6-8 Gramercy Park/Union Square Neighborhood Zone Land Use

6-9 Community Facilities Within One Block of the Project Alignment, Gramercy Park/Union Square Neighborhood Zone

6-10 East Village/Lower East Side/Chinatown Neighborhood Zone Land Use

6-11 Community Facilities Within One Block of the Project Alignment, East Village/Lower East Side/Chinatown Neighborhood Zone

6-12 Lower Manhattan Neighborhood Zone Land Use

6-13 Community Facilities Within One Block of the Project Alignment,

Lower Manhattan Neighborhood Zone

Public Open Space

7-1 Parks Adjacent to the Second Avenue Subway Alignment

7-2 Parks Adjacent to the Second Avenue Subway Alignment

Displacement and Relocation

8-1 Properties Where Long Term Displacement Would be Required, 125th Street and Second Avenue

8-2 125th Street Station

8-3 116th Street Station

8-4 106th Street Station

8-5 96th Street Station

8-6 86th Street Station

8-7 72nd Street Station

8-8 63rd Street Station

8-9 55th Street Station

8-10 42nd Street Station

8-11 Transfer to 42nd Street Grand Central Station

8-12 34th Street Station

8-13 23rd Street Station

8-14 14th Street Station

8-15 Houston Street Station

8-16 Grand Street Station

8-17 Chatham Square Station

8-18 Seaport Station

8-19 Hanover Square Station

Historic Resources

9-1 East Harlem Known Historic Resources

9-2 Upper East Side Known Historic Resources

9-3 East Midtown Known Historic Resources

9-4 Gramercy Park/Union Square Known Historic Resources

9-5 East Village/Lower East Side/Chinatown Known Historic Resources

9-6 Lower Manhattan Known Historic Resources

9-7 207th Street Yard Known Historic Resources

9-8 Concourse Yard Known Historic Resources

9-9 36th-38th Street Yard Known Historic Resources

Archaeological Resources

10-1 East Harlem Area of Potential Effect Areas of Potential Archaeological Sensitivity and Potential Project Effects

10-2 Upper East Side Area of Potential Effect Areas of Potential Archaeological Sensitivity and Potential Project Effects

10-3 East Midtown Area of Potential Effect Areas of Potential Archaeological Sensitivity and Potential Project Effects

10-4 Gramercy Park/Union Square Area of Potential Effect Areas of Potential Archaeological Sensitivity and Potential Project Effects

10-5 East Village/Lower East Side/Chinatown Area of Potential EffectAreas of Potential Archaeological Sensitivity and Potential Project Effects

10-6 Lower Manhattan Area of Potential Effect Areas of Potential Archaeological Sensitivity and Potential Project Effects

Noise

12-1 FTAs Noise Impact Criteria for Transit Operations

12-2 East Harlem and Upper East Side Noise Receptors

12-3 East Midtown, Gramercy Park/Union Square, East Village/Chinatown/Lower East Side, and Lower Manhattan Noise Receptors

12-4 Conceptual Illustration of 12'-High Noise Barrier Encircling Playground 96 and/or St. Vartan Park

12-5 Conceptual Illustration of Partially Enclosed Construction Activities (Truck Loading Within an Enclosed Hopper)

12-6 Operational Ground-Borne Noise Impacts

Natural Resources

15-1 Pier 6, East River

Coastal Zone Consistency

16-1 Coastal Zone Near Manhattan Alignment

16-2 Coastal Zone Near 207th Street Yard

16-3 Proposed Second Avenue Subway Line, Tunnel, and Station Elements

Environmental Justice

18-1 Second Avenue Corridor Study Area

18-2 Shaft/Staging Site Construction Study Areas

18-3 Storage Tracks Study Areas

18-4 Second Avenue Corridor Study Area Census Tracts with Population of Concern

18-5 Shaft/Staging Site Construction Study Areas Census Tracts with Population of Concern

18-6 Storage Tracks Study Areas Census Tracts with Population of Concern

Final Section 4(f) Evaluation and Section 6(f) Evaluation

1 Section 4(f) Park Resources

2 Section 4(f) Park Resources

3 Conceptual Drawing of Playground 96

4 Western Portion of Playground 96

5 Conceptual Drawing of St. Vartan Park

6 Western Portion of St. Vartan Park

7 Conceptual Drawing of Sara D. Roosevelt Park: Area Affected Along Chrystie and Grand Streets

8 Conceptual Drawing of Sara D. Roosevelt Park: Area Affected Along Forsyth Street

9 Sara D. Roosevelt Park Houston to Delancey Streets

10 Sara D. Roosevelt Park Houston to Delancey Streets

11 Sara D. Roosevelt Park Delancey to Grand Streets

12 Sara D. Roosevelt Park Grand to Hester Streets

13 Conceptual Drawing of Kimlau Square

14 Kimlau Square

15 St. James Triangle

16 Pearl Street Playground

17 Fulton Street Plaza

18 Vietnam Veterans Plaza

19 Coenties Slip

 


VOLUME 2

APPENDIX A: Planning Context

APPENDIX B: Development of Alternatives

APPENDIX C: Photographs of Shaft Sites

APPENDIX D: Transportation

 APPENDIX D.1: Transportation - Ridership Modeling

 APPENDIX D.2: Transportation

 APPENDIX D.3: Transportation - Supporting Tables and Diagrams for Transportation Analysis

List of Contents

Surface Transit

Vehicular Traffic Tables

Vehicular Traffic Graphics

Pedestrians

APPENDIX E: Social and Economic Conditions

 APPENDIX E.1: Social and Economic Conditions

 APPENDIX E.2: Social and Economic ConditionsMaps and Photographs of Station,  Staging Area, and Shaft Site Study Areas

129 Street Storage Tracks

125 Street

116 Street

106 Street

96 Street

86 Street

72 Street

66 Street

55 Street

42 Street

34 Street

23 Street

14 Street

Houston Street to Grand Street

Lower Manhattan

 APPENDIX E.3: Zoning Background

 APPENDIX E.4: Zoning Maps for Neighborhood Zones

East Harlem

Upper East Side

East Midtown

Gramercy Park/Union Square

East Village/Lower East Side/Chinatown

Lower Manhattan

 APPENDIX E.5: Methodologies

APPENDIX F: Displacement and Relocation

 Figure F-1: 125th Street Station

 Figure F-2: 116th Street Station

 Figure F-3: 106th Street Station

 Figure F-4: 96th Street Station

 Figure F-5: 86th Street Station

 Figure F-6: 72nd Street Station

 Figure F-7: Lexington Avenue/63rd Street Station

 Figure F-8: 55th Street Station

 Figure F-9: 42nd Street Station

 Figure F-10: 42nd Street Transfer

 Figure F-11: 34th Street Station

 Figure F-12: 23rd Street Station

 Figure F-13: 14th Street Station

 Figure F-14: Houston Street Station

 Figure F-15: Grand Street Station

 Figure F-16: Chatham Square Station

 Figure F-17: Seaport Station

 Figure F-18: Hanover Square Station

 

VOLUME 3

APPENDIX G: Historic Resources

 APPENDIX G.1: Historic Resources

 APPENDIX G.2: Historic ResourcesList of Agency Correspondence

 AKRF Correspondence

APPENDIX H: Archaeological Resources

APPENDIX I: Air Quality

APPENDIX J: Noise and Vibration

 APPENDIX J.1: Noise and Vibration

 APPENDIX J.2:  Noise and VibrationSupporting Tables for Noise Analysis

APPENDIX K: Contaminated Materials

 APPENDIX K.1: Contaminated Materials

 APPENDIX K.2: Contaminated MaterialsInventory of Evaluated Sites

  APPENDIX K.3: Initial PhaseEnvironmental Boring Program Soil Analytical Results Summary

APPENDIX L: Natural Resources

APPENDIX L.1: Natural Resources

APPENDIX L.2:  Natural Resources Federal Transit Administration/Metropolitan Transportation Authority Second Avenue Subway, New York, New York Essential Fish Habitat Assessment

APPENDIX L.3: Natural ResourcesList of Correspondence

APPENDIX L.4:  Natural ResourcesBenthic Invertebrate Grab, Vibratory Sampling and Sediment Analysis at Third Avenue Bridge and Pier 6 New York City

Benthic Invertebrate Grab

Sediment Core Logs/ Tide Curve

APPENDIX M: Coastal Zone Consistency

APPENDIX N: Environmental Justice

APPENDIX O: Response to Comments Received on the 1999 DEIS

APPENDIX P: Community Board Resolutions and Motions

APPENDIX Q: References

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